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I’m an author of historical fiction and non-fiction.

Sept 2013 052

News: 

The Circle of Fortune  The_Circle_of_Fortun_Cover_for_Kindle

now available as an ebook and a paperback.

When Roger Mortimer escapes from the Tower of London, Alicia de Lacy and her husband, Eble le Strange, support his campaign to rid England of Edward II and his hated favourite, Hugh le Despenser. But as Mortimer’s power increases he becomes as corrupt as his predecessors, and Alicia and Eble are forced to decide where their loyalties really lie.

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 My books:

 Favoured Beyond Fortune

BookCoverPreview

Alicia de Lacy was one of the richest noblewomen in England. But  lost everything when her husband, Thomas of Lancaster, led a rebellion against King Edward II.  

Everything except the love of one man.

Read the first chapter 

The ebook is now available from Amazon UK, Amazon.com and other Amazon sites. Paperback also available.

Reviews

By Loyalty Bound is now available as an ebook and a hardcover book from Pen and Sword Fiction 

Or order from Amazon

Watch the book trailer 

Still not convinced? Read the first chapter here

When 17 year old Richard, Duke of Gloucester, defies his elder brother, Edward IV, and 

BLB book jacket jpegrides to Hornby Castle in the north of Lancashire to help James and Robert Harrington defend their birthright against Sir Thomas Stanley, he engenders a chain of events that will have repercussions for years to come. His fight for justice for the Harringtons and his relationship with Anne Harrington, whose wardship has been given to Thomas Stanley, cause a rift between the two men that will never be healed, and which will lead to Richard being betrayed when he most needs Stanley’s support.

By Loyalty Bound tells the story of defiant Anne Harrington, the woman who would later become mistress to the enigmatic Richard as a consequence of his involvement in the trials of her family. With her father and grandfather killed fighting for the Yorkists at Wakefield in 1460, Hornby Castle falls to her as an inheritance at the tender age of five years old. When her ward-ship is handed over to Thomas Stanley by the king himself, Anne’s uncles and the influence they might otherwise have wielded are virtually cut off. The story traces the Harringtons fight to keep possession of their ancestral home, the support given to them by Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and Richard’s tumultuous and beguiling relationship with Anne as she is forced into a marriage arranged for her by her guardian, a man who has objectives beyond the determination to secure her future happiness. 

Here is the cover for the hardback edition. Out now!

BLB hardback cover

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An Honourable Estate is based on the legend of Mab’s Cross at Wigan and is available as a paperback and an ebook.

 

England 1315

Famine and unrest spread across the country and when Sir William Bradshaigh joins Adam Banastre’s rebellion against their overlord, the Earl of Lancaster, things do not go to plan.  

Sir William is lucky to escape with his life after a battle at Preston and, as a wanted man, has no choice but to become an outlaw.  Meanwhile, the lands at Haigh are forfeit to the king and are given to Sir Peter Lymesey for a year and a day, and Lady Mabel Bradshaigh must make a hard choice if she is to protect her children and herself.

Watch the book trailer

Buy from: Amazon.co.uk or Amazon.com

The novel has its own page on the website here: http://elizabethashworth.com/an-honourable-estate/ where you can read more about the historical background to the story and follow the reviews.

You can also visit The Honourable Estate facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/AnHonourableEstate

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My first novel, The de Lacy Inheritance, was published by Myrmidon Books in 2010.  It was followed by a large print edition from Ulverscroft and an audiobook version from  ISIS Soundings.  The printed books and the audiobook are all available for sale or from your local library.

The de Lacy Inheritance is set in Lancashire and Cheshire.

When Richard Fitz-Eustace returns from the crusade suffering from leprosy he resolves to live as a hermit and seek forgiveness for his sins. But first he must fulfil an obligation to his grandmother.  He must seek her kinsman, Robert de Lacy, and ask his consideration of her claim to his estates. Meanwhile, Richard’s sister, Johanna is distraught. The fate of her brother has done more than leave her bereft. Her mother has contrived a marriage for her and without Richard’s protection there seems little she can do to prevent it. 

Buy it at Amazon.co.uk or Amazon.com

If you’ve read the book, why not take the quiz at Goodreads – http://www.goodreads.com/trivia/work/5478660

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Tell Them Of Us

Back in 1996 my late father tried to discover more about the men whose names were on P1020934the Memorial Board that had once been in the mission church of St Chad at Pleckgate, Blackburn, where for some years he had been the Reader-in-Charge.

The names are now displayed on a modern board in St Gabriel’s Church, Brownhill, Blackburn, although, sadly, I have been unable to locate the original board which can be seen on this photo on the left hand side of the far wall.

My father prepared a short booklet called Tell Them of Us in which he recorded some briefP1020935 information about the men from cuttings held at Blackburn Library.

To mark the beginning of the First World War I have created a site at: www.tellthemofus.wordpress.com with more information about the men who gave their lives.

They include Richard Barnes and James Ward, who were both employed at Roe Lee Mills and whose regimental numbers in the Lancashire Fusiliers are consecutive. They must have gone to join up together and they both died within days of one another and are buried in Belgium.

There is also young Albert Shipley who enlisted at the outbreak of war in August 1914. The census gives his date of birth as 1898, which means he was just sixteen years old. He lied about his age as the Ploegsteert Memorial in Belgium gives his age at death in 1915 as 19 years old. He was just 17. His body was never found and he has no known grave.

How exciting it must have seemed to those men in their teens and twenties who had P1020915probably known nothing but work in the mills since they were 13 years old. It must have seemed a way of getting away from the tedious heat and noise of the machinery in the mill sheds; a way to see more of the world. How proud they must have felt as they swore the oath to defend king and country and signed their papers. But they exchanged it for the horror of battles like the Somme; for blood and mud and death as they fought for their country.

So many never returned. It is appropriate today that we take a moment to remember them.

 

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Meet My Main Character

I was tagged for the Meet My Main Character blog hop by Sue Millard after it was begun by Debra Brown

The idea is for historical authors to introduce the main character of their novel in progress.

What is the name of your character? Is she fictional or a historic person?

My character is Alicia de Lacy and she was a real person.

When and where is the story set?

The story is set during the reigns of Edward II and Edward III. In fact, an important part of the story is the way in which Edward III comes to the throne after his father is deposed and the country is ruled by his mother, Isabella, and Roger Mortimer who is reputedly her lover. Mortimer holds all the power of a king, but when Edward turns eighteen he and his supporters decide that enough is enough.

What should we know about her?

Alice de Lacy was the daughter and only heir of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln and Margaret Longespee, Countess of Salisbury. She was one of the wealthiest women in England, but when her husband, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, rebelled against the king all her lands and titles were taken from her.

What is the main conflict? What messes up her life?

Her fall from wealthy countess to impoverished widow was a huge shock to Alicia. Now she wants her lands and her castles back and along with her second husband, Eble le Strange, she sets out to support the people she hopes can help her.

What is the personal goal of the character?

Alicia’s main goal is to get back the lands that are hers by right. But she also wants to redeem her reputation because she has come in for some criticism for living with Eble, a mere squire two years younger than her, before she married him.

Is there a working title for this novel, and can we read more about it?

The working title is The Circle Fortune and the story will be a sequel to Favoured Beyond Fortune.

When can we expect the book to be published?

I’m hoping it will be out later this year. Meanwhile you can read the first part of Alicia’s story here: Favoured Beyond Fortune

If you leave a comment on the extract before the end of the month you’ll have the opportunity to win a free ebook copy.

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Who was Eble le Strange?

According to Dugdale the le Strange family originated from a mythical Duke of Burgundy, whose youngest son Guy made his home in England.  Although there is no credibility to this story, the family can be traced back to the twelfth century when they held land in Norfolk and Shropshire.

The le Strange family were closely associated with the Fitz Alans who became Earls of Arundel. William Fitz Alan, Lord of Oswestry was a Breton and a close ally of King Henry I who brought men he could trust from France after he experienced disloyalty from some of the original Norman lords over his right to the throne. This William died in 1160, leaving his son William as a minor and Guy le Strange was appointed as his guardian. Guy le Strange was given the lordship of Knockin in Shropshire and it is from him that Eble le Strange was descended.

 

Knockin Castle, Shropshire. Pencil and watercolour. Artist: T.F. Dukes (attrib.). Shrewsbury Museums Service (SHYMS: FA/1991/088/2)

Knockin Castle, Shropshire. Pencil and watercolour. Artist: T.F. Dukes (attrib.). Shrewsbury Museums Service (SHYMS: FA/1991/088/2)

Eble le Strange was the third son of John le Strange (V), the first Lord Strange of Knockin (sometimes spelt Knockyn) in Shropshire. John le Strange was married twice. His first wife was Alianora (Eleanor) de Monz, the daughter of Eble de Monz (a royal steward and lord of Ketton in Rutland) and Joan de Somery.(Because John witnessed some grants alongside Joan de Somery after the death of Alianora she is sometimes mistakenly taken for his wife rather than his mother-in-law). John and Alianora may have had a daughter, Hawise, who married Sir Robert de Felton. After Alianora died, John’s second wife was Maud (Walton) d’Eiville, the daughter of Roger d’Eiville of Walton d’Eiville in Warwickshire. She was the mother of Eble le Strange. Eble le Strange had two elder brothers John and Hamon who were both dead by 1322 and a sister, Elizabeth. The occurrence of Eble as a forename in the le Strange family had not occurred before and I wonder if he was named after the father of John le Strange’s first wife. Eble de Monz was still living as late as 1307 and may have been his godfather.

Eble le Strange probably grew up in Shropshire until he was old enough to enter the household of another family to learn to fight, read and write and wait tables. He is recorded as being a member of the household of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster in 1313 when he is included with his brother Hamon, and his cousins Fulk and Robert of Blackmere, in the pardon, granted on 16th October, to the adherents of the Earl of Lancaster for the death of Piers Gaveston. It may have been whilst he was serving in the household of Thomas of Lancaster that he first met Alice de Lacy, but when and where they met remains open to speculation as there is no evidence. But the accusations that Eble le Strange had a relationship with Alice de Lacy before the death of Thomas of Lancaster cannot be dismissed. Certainly they married as soon as they could after Thomas was executed and were married before 10th November 1324 when the Sheriff of Lincoln was ordered to pay

Lincoln Castle

Lincoln Castle

Eble and ‘Alice, daughter and heiress of Henry de Lacy, late Earl of Lincoln, now his wife’ the arrears of £20 yearly for the third part of the county of Lincoln. And looking at other payments made to them they could possibly have been married as soon as Easter 1324.

On 24th January 1326 Eble was appointed one of the four supervisors of Array in the county of Lincoln, with special powers and by a further commission he was directed, on 23rd July ‘to assist and counsel the Earl of Arundel as captain and chief supervisor of the Array in Lincolnshire’. The last mention of him during the reign of Edward II is on December 9, 1326, when he obtained letters of protection for a year – although what the protection was for is not recorded. Although he was entitled to call himself the Earl of Lincoln through his marriage to Alicia, it seems that he did not use the title and when he was called to parliament in December 1326 he was named as Ebulo le Strange and ranked with the barons. He was not even made a knight until a year after his marriage when he was made a Knight of the Bath by Edward II and received the robes of a Banneret. During the minority of Edward III when Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer were ruling England, Eble and Alicia seem to have come under suspicion of promoting rebellion and I can’t dismiss the idea that Eble may have been one of the men who helped Edward III secure his throne by overthrowing Mortimer in a midnight raid from the tunnels beneath Nottingham Castle.

Remains of Bolingbroke Castle

Remains of Bolingbroke Castle

After Edward III became king, Eble and Alice regained many of thelands that had been taken from her after Thomas of Lancaster’s defeat at Boroughbridge, including her favourite home at Bolingbroke. That Edward found Eble trustworthy and reliable is also emphasised by his being named as one of the men sent to bring Queen Isabella from Berkhampstead to Windsor for Christmas 1330.

The remains of Barlings Abbey.

The remains of Barlings Abbey.

 Eble and Alicia appear to have been happy and in the favour of the king after many difficultyears. But in 1335, Edward III invaded Scotland and, tragically, Eble died whilst on campaign. He was buried at Barlings Abbey in Lincolnshire where, later, Alicia would be buried beside him.

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The Abduction of Alice de Lacy

In May 1317, Alice de Lacy was escorted from her hunting lodge at Canford in Dorset and taken to Reigate Castle which was owned by John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey. Early historians mostly record this as an abduction, although some have noted that Alice, as ‘a wanton adulteress’, may have been running away to meet up with her lover.

Writing almost a hundred years after the event, the chronicler, Thomas of Walsingham, says that the man she left Canford with was a Richard de St Martin – a lame and hunchback knight with whom she had had ‘carnal relations’ before her marriage to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. The fact that Alice was married to Thomas at around 13 years old would seem to imply that the story is actually nonsense, but it is one which is repeated over and over in the accounts of her life, seemingly copied from one source to another without any author stopping to think about the veracity of what they are claiming.

Walsingham wrote a lengthy and frankly bizarre account of what happened. He claims that on the Monday before the Feast of the Ascension, Alice de Lacy was abducted by a knight of the household of John Warenne. Whilst she was being taken to Reigate Castle, her abductors saw a group of men in the distance with standards and, thinking that they were soldiers sent by her husband, they abandoned Alice by a hedge and ran away. But when they realised that the ‘soldiers’ were a group of holy men making a procession around the fields, they came back to take Alice prisoner once more. It is Walsingham who names one of the abductors as Richard de St Martin and says that Alice recognised him and admitted that it was true she had known him carnally. He says that she was not abducted in fear and that ‘she, who during the while of her life had been considered the noblest of noble ladies, suddenly by a turn of the wheel of fortune, by this shame is acclaimed by the whole world to be the foulest whore.’

Although the author of The Battle Abbey Roll has seen that Walsingham’s account is flawed and says ‘Alice de Lacy was only nine years old when she became Countess of Lancaster, the allegation of a previous clandestine marriage is an absurdity’ he goes on to malign Alice’s reputation and perpetuate the myth of the ‘lame knight’ saying ‘She was a woman of notoriously bad character, repudiated by the Earl several years before his death, who ‘lived in unlawful familiarity with Eubolo Le Strange’, her second husband, long before she married him. Singular as it may appear, it seems proven that this little hunchback was a favoured lover, and that the pretended abduction was in reality concerted between them.’

Alison Weir, in her more recent publication Isabella, the She-Wolf of France, Queen of England is still repeating a version of Walsingham. She has realised that it’s improbable that Richard de St Martin was Alice’s lover, so she substitutes Eble le Strange, who became Alice’s second husband, saying that ‘Lestraunge lost no time in proclaiming to the world that he had slept with her before her marriage, and in so doing severely compromised her reputation.’ Oh dear. I had hoped that modern historians might have come nearer to the truth.

When you look at the facts, the only thing we know for sure is that Alice was taken from Canford Manor to Reigate Castle and came under the protection of John de Warenne. If it was an abduction, the reason may have been that John de Warenne was angry with Thomas of Lancaster because he had intervened and prevented Warenne’s divorce from his wife, Joan de Bar, that would have allowed him to marry his mistress and mother of his sons, Maud de Nerford. It was a divorce that the king had approved but that Thomas managed to prevent by producing a papal dispensation for the original marriage that made the divorce impossible. Warenne knew that kidnapping Alice would make Thomas very cross. And Thomas was indeed cross – not quite cross enough to demand the return of his wife, but certainly cross enough to wage war on John de Warenne, besieging his castles at Sandal and Conisbrough, and turning Maud de Nerford out of her home.

I think that Gerry Lacey in his book, The Legacy of the de Lacy, Lacey, Lacy Family, 1066-1994, also comes close to the truth when he writes that Alice left her husband because of his determination to challenge the king and that she willingly placed herself under the protection of John de Warenne. The role of Edward II in Alice’s supposed abduction is often overlooked. He was at loggerheads with his cousin, Thomas of Lancaster, and by allowing John de Warenne to take Alice under his protection he knew that he could annoy and discredit him.

Did Alice go willingly? Possibly. She had been living a separate life from Thomas since he had sent her to live at Pickering Castle in north Yorkshire following the death of her father, Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln. As she saw Thomas falling further out of favour with the king, she may have welcomed some protection from his ally, John de Warenne.

Was Warenne her lover? Although this has been suggested it’s very doubtful. John de Warenne had no interest in marrying Alice de Lacy as it’s recorded that he wanted a divorce to enable him to marry Maud de Nerford.

Did she have a pre-marital affair with the ‘lame knight’ Richard de St Martin? No. This is something concocted from the fevered imagination of Thomas of Walsingham with no basis in truth.

Was Eble le Strange her lover? I think this is likely. She certainly went on to marry him and it’s feasible that she knew him prior to her husband’s death. He was not the ‘lame knight’ of Walsingham’s story, however, and was not a member of John de Warenne’s household. He was, in fact, a member of the household of Thomas of Lancaster. Was he the man who escorted her from Canford Manor? He may have been. There is no proof, but sometimes there is an element of truth in the stories of chroniclers such as Walsingham – and I think that even though politics was the real reason behind the abduction, Alice may have been a willing participant if the man who lifted her onto his horse and took her to safety was her beloved Eble.

You can read more about the story of Alice de Lacy and Eble in my novel Favoured Beyond Fortune.

 

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Does Alice de Lacy deserve her reputation?

Historical reputations are often made or destroyed by historians. Sometimes, as in the case of King Richard III, attempts are made to reclaim those reputations and one of the reasons I became interested in Alice de Lacy is that so many derogatory comments have been written about her by chroniclers and historians that I feel she needs someone to re-assess what is known about her.

Alice de Lacy was the daughter of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, and Margaret Longespee, Countess of Salisbury.  She was their only surviving heir and was married at the age of 13 years to the King’s (Edward I) nephew, Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. The marriage was not a happy one and Alice may have had a relationship with the Eble le Strange, the man who became her second husband, whilst she was still married to, but shunned by, Thomas.

Thomas, who went on to be acclaimed as a saint for a time, is known to have had mistresses and illegitimate children during the time he was married to Alice, yet he is barely criticised at all. Alice, on the other hand, is written about in scathing terms.

The chronicler, Thomas of Walsingham, writing about a hundred years later says: she, who during the while of her life had been considered the noblest of noble ladies, suddenly by a turn of the wheel of fortune, by this shame is acclaimed by the whole world to be the foulest whore.

Thomas Dunham Whitaker accepts this as fact. He says: Of Alice de Lacy there is a very disgraceful story told by Walsingham; and, were it either pleasant or edifying to rake into the dust of libraries for ancient scandal, I could relate more to the same purpose than has ever yet appeared.

From the Battle Abbey Roll: that she had always been well ‘reputed’ is, on the other hand, a glaring and complete falsehood. She was a woman of notoriously bad character, repudiated by the Earl several years before his death, who ‘lived in unlawful familiarity with Eubolo Le Strange’, her second husband, long before she married him.

And we cannot just blame ancient and prejudiced male chroniclers and historians. More recently, Alison Weir wrote: Lestraunge lost no time in proclaiming to the world that he had slept with her before her marriage, and in so doing severely compromised her reputation. This is untrue, as she mixes up the name of Eble le Strange with an old story concerning a man named Richard de St Martin who claimed to have known Alice de Lacy ‘carnally’ before her marriage to Thomas of Lancaster. If you recall, she was married to Thomas at 13 years old so this is not likely to be true, but is an example of how the historians of the time strove to destroy Alice’s reputation.

So, why do historians hate Alice so much?  Perhaps the simple answer is because she was a woman and women were supposed to tolerate abuse and bad behaviour from their husbands without ever trying to find happiness. Maybe she did have a relationship with Eble whilst she was still married to Thomas, but can she be entirely blamed? Does she deserve her reputation?

I wrote Favoured Beyond Fortune to tell her story and the stories of those who surrounded her at a time of political intrigue during the years when Edward II inherited the throne from his father and when he was seen as a weak king by those who sought to overthrow him. The leader of the rebellion against him was Thomas of Lancaster. If he had been successful at Boroughbridge, Alice de Lacy would have been Queen of England. But he was defeated and Alice is mostly forgotten except for these few extracts that say nothing good about her character. I think she deserves better.

 

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The Beginnings of Wonderland

I’m currently studying a MOOC (massive online open course) from the University of Michigan which is called Fantasy and Science Fiction: The Human Mind, Our Modern World. This week’s readings are two of the works of Lewis Carroll: Alice in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass.

P1020585

All Saints Church, Daresbury.

Inspired by my reading I went to visit the small village of Daresbury in Cheshire where Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) was born in the Old Parsonage in 1827. His father, Revd Charles Dodgson, was the vicar at the church of All Saints and Lewis Carroll spent the first 11 years of his life in the village.

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was baptised in this stone font.

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was baptised in this stone font.

The original church was built as a chapel of Norton Priory and would have been of a timber construction. After the Reformation a stone built church replaced it, but all that is left of this is the tower. The present church was built in 1870 and is not the one that would have been familiar to Lewis Carroll as a child. All that remains of the old church is the tower and the stone font, which is now in the churchyard.

 

In the Daniell Chapel is a stained glass window marking the centenary of the birth of

The Alice Window.

The Alice Window.

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. Paid for by enthusiasts from all over the world it was designed by Geoffrey Webb and shows a nativity scene at which Lewis Carroll and Alice are present. Below the nativity are five panels showing scenes from Alice in Wonderland. You can see the White Rabbit, the Mad Hatter, the Queen of Hearts and the Cheshire Cat, amongst others. The three central panels contain verses from Lewis Carroll’s poem Christmas Greetings (From a Fairy to a Child). For a closer look at the Alice window: http://daresburycofe.org.uk/tourism/alice-window/

P1020572The Lewis Carroll connection is also celebrated in the recently built Lewis Carroll Centre, at the back of the church. It tells visitors more about Lewis Carroll’s life and times and how he came to write the stories about Alice. It’s a beautiful addition to the church and if you can’t visit in person take a look at the website: http://lewiscarrollcentre.org.uk/ 

 

After I’d visited the church I went to the site just beyond Daresbury where the Old Parsonage used to be. It was a bit muddy after all the recent rain, but we kept following P1020591the White Rabbit until we came to the spot whereP1020592 Lewis Carroll was born. The parsonage was burnt down in 1884 but the land is now owned by the National Trust and the rooms of the parsonage are marked out in brick.  It had a schoolroom, a parlour, cellars and seven upstairs rooms. Charles and nine of his brothers and sisters were born here and Rev Dodgson also took in paying pupils who learnt Latin and Ancient Greek. The 1841 census lists a total of 22 people living in the house. It must have been very crowded. 

P1020595

A wrought iron archway shows the site of the front door and with a little imagination you can see how it would have been when Lewis Carroll lived there and how the beautiful countryside all around must have delighted and inspired him.

 

 

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John Haryngton – clerk to Richard III

Whilst reading the account of Richard III’s plans to set up a chantry chapel at York Minster, I noticed that the name of his clerk was John Haryington and I wondered what connections he had with the Harrington family of Hornby Castle whose story I tell in my novel By Loyalty Bound.

I knew that Sir James Harrington of Hornby had a son named John, so I went to check on the connections and found that James Harrington’s son, John, became an esquire in the household of Richard of Gloucester. A John Haryngton, esquire, was appointed as a feoffee (a trustee of land) by Richard, Duke of Gloucester in 1475. This was probably James’ son. And it’s clear that he’s not the same person as Richard’s clerk.

So who was John, the clerk, and was he a member of the same family?

In his article Richard III and the Origins of the Court of Requests, written for The Ricardian (volume 17 2007), Hannes Kleineke says that John Haryngton was born in Eastrington near Howden in East Yorkshire. His father was described as ‘a poor gentilman born’ although he was descended from the Harrington family of Badsworth. If this is true then yes, he was related to Sir James Harrington and Sir Robert Harrington – although I’ve been unable to discover exactly how.

What else do we know about him?

  • John Haryngton was a Cambridge graduate and held the degree of bachelor of civil law.
  • He worked for Sir John Conyers of Hornby as a clerk and a secretary. (I wonder if Richard first met him at Hornby Castle in 1471 during discussions about the law surrounding the inheritance of the Harrington lands after the battle of Wakefield.)
  • He was employed in the service of the See of York as registrar of the consistory court and was a legal agent of William Poteman.
  •  In 1478 he was one of the members of the group appointed by Richard to oversee the setting up of a college at the church at Middleham.
  • John Harygton was the second clerk of the council to Richard’s Court of Requests. He was appointed in December 1483 to a branch of the council sitting in the White Hall. The duty of that council was to hear ‘the bills, requests and supplications of poor persons’. It seems that he may have previously carried out similar duties, perhaps in a junior capacity, as he was granted an annuity of £20 ‘ for his good service before the lords and others of the council…’
  • On 19th May 1484, Richard III appointed John Harygton to the role of clerk of the city of York.
  • About this time he was given the important role of the custodian of the records of Richard’s proposed chantry chapel at York Minster.
  • After the Battle of Bosworth it may have been he, with the mayor of York, Nicholas Lancaster, who agreed the wording of the much quoted statement:

‘that King Richard late mercifully reigning upon us was thrugh grete treason of the duc of Northfolk and many othre that turned ayenst hyme, with many othre lordes and nobilles of this north parties, was pitously slane and murdred to the grete hevynesse of this citie’.

John Haryngton remained as the clerk to York after Bosworth, serving under Henry VII until 1490. The only trouble he appears to have had was quashing a rumour begun by one Thomas Wharfe that he was Scottish by birth. Amongst the testimonials he produced to prove that this was untrue was one from Sir Robert Harrington – which tells us two things: John Haryngton, clerk, did have a connection with Sir Robert Harrington – and Sir Robert survived the battle of Bosworth.

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